Proclaiming the Kingdom



Works by Jason DeRouchie

How to Understand and Apply the Old Testament
What the Old Testament Authors Really Cared About
A Modern Grammar for Biblical Hebrew


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DeRouchie, Jason S., Oren R. Martin, and Andrew David Naselli. 40 Questions about Biblical Theology. 40 Questions. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2020.

I am an Old Testament scholar who treasures the Lord Jesus, and because of this I delight in the discipline of biblical theology, which studies how the whole Bible progresses, integrates, and climaxes in Christ. I recently co-authored an introduction to the discipline with two friends who specialize in different disciplines: Oren Martin (Systematic Theology) and Andy Naselli (New Testament). read more…

Zephaniah: A Bible Background Commentary

Those interpreting the Bible in the twenty-first century have the significant responsibility of building a bridge between the modern world and the ancient Word. Part of this process includes learning about the Bible’s historical and cultural context, most of which we can know from the Bible itself. Nevertheless, having ready-reference tools on hand can be very helpful when definition or other background information is needed.

Scott Duvall and Danny Hays teamed up again to edit the new Baker Illustrated Bible Background Commentary. I had the chance to write the short piece on “Zephaniah.” Apparently my first draft included more detail than they preferred, as the final version is significantly slimmed down from what I initially submitted. Nevertheless, I believe that this whole-Bible commentary should serve many as they seek answers to a passage’s historical-cultural context.

DeRouchie, Jason S. “Zephaniah.” Pages 676–79 in Baker Illustrated Bible Background Commentary. Edited by J. Scott Duvall and J. Daniel Hays. Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2000. /PDF/

How to Understand and Apply the Old Testament: Genre and Literary Units

For the Church has initiated their blogs summarizing portions from my book, How to Understand and Apply the Old Testament. Following the introductory post, part 1 summarizes step one in the exegetical process––Genre. Understanding genre is critical for rightly understanding the Bible’s message. As I explain in this blog article: read more…

Creating a Text Hierarchy in the Hebrew Old Testament is my top tool for visually tracking a biblical author’s flow-of-thought in order to determine a text’s boundaries, structure, and main idea. I use’s phrasing module to create what I call a TEXT HIERARCHY of the thought-flow, and then I use the arcing module to visually identify the SEMANTIC RELATIONSHIPS between each of the clauses/propositions. I address my approach and these tools in three chapters within How to Understand and Apply the Old Testament: read more…

Interpreting Scripture and the Day of the Lord

DeRouchie, Jason S. “Interpreting Scripture: A General Introduction” and “The Day of the Lord,” The Gospel Coalition, 23 September 2020, and


The Gospel Coalition has recently published 250 concise theology essays. You can read Phil Thompson’s announcement here.

I wrote two of them, and I offer my summaries below: read more…

How to Understand and Apply the Old Testament: A Blog Journey

For most, interpreting the initial three fourths of the Bible, the Old Testament, is a challenge. To help alleviate this problem, in 2017 I wrote How to Understand and Apply the Old Testament. Now, I am condensing each chapter from my book into a blog series on Midwestern Baptist Theological Seminary’s “For the Church” initiative. In total, there will be thirteen entries summarizing the introduction and each of the twelve main chapters the detail the journey from exegesis to theology. You can access the first post here. In this summary I lay out in broad terms the task of interpreting the Old Testament, the presuppositions that guide biblical interpretation, and reasons for why the Old Testament is important for Christians. I then overview the remainder of the book. This summary’s conclusion is my invitation to you: read more…

The Use of Leviticus 18:5 in Galatians 3:12

Though Christians often think of the book of Romans when Martin Luther and the doctrine of justification by faith come to mind, Luther himself claims to have fixated upon Galatians, calling it his very wife. At the heart of this important letter, Paul quotes Lev 18:5 and says, “The law is not of faith, rather ‘The one who does them shall live by them’” (Gal 3:12). In my latest article, I try my hand at explaining what Paul intends to communicate by quoting Lev 18:5. A summary of my conclusion runs as follows: read more…

Counting Stars with Abraham and the Prophets

For centuries Christians have discussed who is and isn’t part of the new covenant community. On one side of the debate have been covenant theologians and on the other side are dispensationalists of various kinds. My article, “Counting Stars with Abraham and the Prophets: New Covenant Ecclesiology in OT Perspective,” offers a middle way seeking to bring clarity to this important issue. My conclusion is as follows: read more…

What I Learned the Day I Almost Killed J. I. Packer

Great men inspire greatness, both in their lives and in their deaths. Such is true of James Innell Packer (1926–2020), whose life and ministry has forever marked my own. He and I only met once, and I have only read a handful of his books. But in this age, he is one who has shown me what it means to share in Christ, having held on to his original confidence firm until the end (Heb 3:14). J. I. Packer ever exerted a bold yet restful confidence in the authority and veracity of holy Scripture. He also loved Jesus deeply and cherished and proclaimed his substitutionary atoning work on our behalf. In a sea of contemporary voices, his stood out to me because it was ever matched by a gentle and lowly spirit that longed for holiness and that embraced weakness. I so deeply pray that, if God keeps me into my 50s, 60s, 70s, 80s, and 90s, I can humbly embrace Christ and remain faithful to his Word as Packer did unto his death.

For Packer, what was not yet has become more the already, as he passed from death to lasting life in the presence of his Savior on Friday, July 17, 2020, at age 93. But for the grace and purposes of our sovereign God, he could have died at age 70 as a result of my own youthful distraction. As a tribute to Packer’s enduring faithfulness, I want to thank the Lord for what he taught me through him that day so long ago.

***To read the rest, see my tribute to Packer at***

The Addressees in Zephaniah 2:1, 3

The Lord has recently allowed me to publish another article on Zephaniah, this one related to the identity of the book’s audience:

DeRouchie, Jason S. “The Addressees in Zephaniah 2:1, 3: Who Should Seek YHWH Together?” Bulletin for Biblical Research 30.2 (2020): 183–207.

Abstract: Zephaniah 2:1 calls “the nation not longing” to bundle together in submission to the Lord, and 2:3 urges “the humble of the land/earth” to seek him increasingly. The identity of these vocatives significantly affects the book’s interpretation, but scholars generally offer one of three views on the proper referent(s): (1) Both 2:1 and 3 address Judah collectively as a rebellious nation. (2) 2:1 confronts rebellious Judah collectively, but 2:3 speaks to the enemy foreign nations. (3) 2:1 addresses rebellious Judah collectively, but 2:3 addresses the nation’s faithful remnant. After overviewing these alternatives and arguing that option three best captures the principal referents, this study argues (4) that Judah and its remnant are the primary but not sole addressees of 2:1 and 3, with the literary context suggesting that the prophet intended that other rebellious nations and their remnants see 2:1 and 3 as applying equally to them by extension. read more…

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